|PERRY B. BEVERAGE,
SHELTER MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANY, a Missouri Corporation; SHELTER GENERAL INSURANCE COMPANY, a Missouri Corporation; SHELTER LIFE INSURANCE CO., a Missouri Corporation; and SHELTER FINANCIAL SERVICES, INC., a Missouri Corporation,
Plaintiff Perry B. Beverage appeals from the district court's order granting defendants' motion for sanctions for not providing discovery to defendants in a timely manner. The dispute turns on whether Mr. Beverage or his lawyer was responsible for the delay. The trial court held a hearing at which both Mr. Beverage and his counsel testified. The trial court determined counsel to be the more credible witness and imposed the sanctions on Mr. Beverage.
We review the imposition of sanctions for abuse of discretion, see Mobley v. McCormick, 40 F.3d 337, 340 (10th Cir. 1994), and defer to the district court's evaluation of the credibility of witnesses, see Fed. R. Civ. P. 52(a) ("due regard shall be given to the opportunity of the trial court to judge the credibility of the witnesses"). We cannot say the trial court's credibility determination was clearly erroneous or that its order imposing sanctions was an abuse of discretion.
Entered for the Court
Monroe G. McKay
*. This order and judgment is not binding precedent, except under the doctrines of law of the case, res judicata, and collateral estoppel. The court generally disfavors the citation of orders and judgments; nevertheless, an order and judgment may be cited under the terms and conditions of 10th Cir. R. 36.3.