|MARIA J. LUNDVALL, personally
and as last friend, next friend, and
best friend of Paul Lundvall,
ROSS E. ZUMWALT, personally and
in his official capacity as Chief
Medical Investigator of the State of
New Mexico; CHARLENE BROWN,
DAVID WINSTON, DR. MARTIN,
JEFF VON KLASEN, and AMY
WYMAN, personally and in their
official capacities as Medical
Investigators, or as employees of the
Medical Investigator of the State of
New Mexico; THE OFFICE OF THE
MEDICAL INVESTIGATOR OF THE
STATE OF NEW MEXICO; JAMES
ROSS E. ZUMWALT, personally and in his official capacity as Chief Medical Investigator of the State of New Mexico; CHARLENE BROWN, DAVID WINSTON, DR. MARTIN, JEFF VON KLASEN, and AMY WYMAN, personally and in their official capacities as Medical Investigators, or as employees of the Medical Investigator of the State of New Mexico; THE OFFICE OF THE MEDICAL INVESTIGATOR OF THE STATE OF NEW MEXICO; JAMES C. PURDYand FLOYD MONTOYA, individually and as officers of the Valencia County Sheriff's Office; THE VALENCIA COUNTY SHERIFF, individually and in his/her official capacity; THE VALENCIA COUNTY SHERIFF'S OFFICE; MIKE RUNNELS, individually and in his official capacity as District Attorney, Thirteenth Judicial District, State of New Mexico,
D.C. No. CIV-00-1470-MV/DJS
Four of the defendants the Valencia County Sheriff's Office, the Valencia County Sheriff, Floyd Montoya, and James C. Purdy moved to dismiss the claims against them under Rule 12(b)(6) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. The district court granted the motion, and Ms. Lundvall now appeals.
Although not raised by the parties, we address sua sponte our jurisdiction to hear this appeal. Martin v. Franklin Capital Corp., 251 F.3d 1284, 1288 (10th Cir. 2001). With certain exceptions not applicable here, our jurisdiction is limited to appeals from "final decisions." 28 U.S.C. § 1291. A decision is not final "which adjudicates . . . the rights and liabilities of fewer than all the parties." Fed. R. Civ. P. 54(b). Here, Ms. Lundvall's suit is against twelve different defendants, but her appeal is from an order dismissing all of her claims against only four of those defendants. It does not appear from the record that the district court has expressly directed the entry of final judgment as to these defendants, thereby certifying its order as immediately appealable pursuant to Rule 54(b). Accordingly, we lack jurisdiction to hear this appeal. McBride v. Citgo Petroleum Corp., 281 F.3d 1099, 1104 (10th Cir. 2002).(1)
For the foregoing reasons, the appeal is DISMISSED.
ENTERED FOR THE COURT
David M. Ebel
*.After examining the briefs and appellate record, this panel has determined unanimously to grant the parties' request for a decision on the briefs without oral argument. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(f) and 10th Cir. R. 34.1(G). See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2) and 10th Cir. R. 34.1(G). The case is therefore ordered submitted without oral argument. This order and judgment is not binding precedent, except under the doctrines of law of the case, res judicata, and collateral estoppel. The court generally disfavors the citation of orders and judgments; nevertheless, an order and judgment may be cited under the terms and conditions of 10th Cir. R. 36.3.
1. Plaintiff was twice (on August 16, 2002, and on September 23, 2002) ordered to file with this court a certified copy of the district court order granting certification under Rule 54(b) or adjudicating the remaining claims, and she has failed to respond to either order. On September 23, 2002, plaintiff was further ordered to file an explanation with the court why she failed to respond to the order of August 16, 2002. Again, she failed to respond.