Slip Opinions Home
Page | Keyword | Case | Docket | Date: Filed / Added |    Download WordPerfect version (25497 bytes)     Download RTF version (16095 bytes)






DENVER POLICE DEPARTMENT; D. QUINONES, Sergeant; D. WILEY, Officer; CITY OF DENVER; WELLINGTON WEBB, as Mayor for the City of Denver; BUTCH MONTOYA, as Manager of Department of Public Safety for the City of Denver; DAVID MICHAUD, as Chief of Police for the City and County of Denver,


No. 03-1394

(D.C. No. 99-RB-712 (BNB))

(D. Colo.)


Before KELLY, Circuit Judge, BRORBY, Senior Circuit Judge, and BRISCOE, Circuit Judge.

Kenneth L. Armbeck, a state prisoner proceeding pro se, appeals from the district court's order granting summary judgment for the defendants on Mr. Armbeck's excessive force claim brought under 42 U.S.C. § 1983.(1) Mr. Armbeck concedes that he filed this action outside the applicable two-year statute of limitations, Aplt. Br. at 11, but asserts that the district court erred by not finding him entitled to equitable tolling. He claims the statute of limitation should be tolled because he suffered a serious head injury that left him too incoherent to realize that his injuries had been wrongfully inflicted, and because the Denver District Attorney's Office misled him into forgoing his right to file suit against the officers who allegedly injured him. He also contends that the district court erred by finding that the defendants had not waived their statute of limitations defense, and by failing to recognize the district court's bias against him.

Our jurisdiction arises under 28 U.S.C. § 1291. We review the district court's grant of summary judgment de novo, viewing the evidence in the light most favorable to the nonmovant. Hammons v. Saffle, 348 F.3d 1250, 1254 (10th Cir. 2003). "Summary judgment is only appropriate when there is no genuine issue of material fact and the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law." Id.; Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(c). "We review the district court's refusal to apply equitable tolling for an abuse of discretion." Garrett v. Fleming, 362 F.3d 692, 695 (10th Cir. 2004). Because Mr. Armbeck is pro se, we construe his pleadings liberally. Hammons, 348 F.3d at 1254.

The parties are familiar with the facts and the extensive procedural history underlying this appeal. We therefore restate neither here. We do note, however, that on March 22, 2004, Mr. Armbeck filed with this court a "Motion for Affidavit" that we construe as a motion to supplement the record with the affidavit of Mr. Armbeck's "jailhouse lawyer." Because the affidavit, dated February 4, 2004, was not offered to or considered by the district court, we deny Mr. Armbeck's motion to supplement the record with this material. See Magnum Foods, Inc. v. Continental Cas. Co., 36 F.3d 1491, 1502 n.12 (10th Cir. 1994) (court of appeals' "review of a grant of summary judgment is limited to the record before the trial court at the time it made its ruling"); accord Allen v. Minnstar, Inc., 8 F.3d 1470, 1475 n.4 (10th Cir. 1993). We likewise deny Mr. Armbeck's motion dated April 19, 2004, asking this court to supplement the record with police reports that were not offered to or considered by the district court. Id. Accordingly, neither the affidavit nor the police reports influence our disposition today.

Having carefully considered the parties' briefs, the record, and applicable law, we conclude that the district court correctly decided this case. We therefore AFFIRM its judgment dated August 15, 2003, for substantially the same reasons set forth in its August 8, 2003, order adopting the magistrate judge's thorough and well-reasoned recommendation dated July 3, 2003. R., Docs. 165, 164, 161. We GRANT Mr. Armbeck's motion to proceed without prepayment of costs and remind Mr. Armbeck that he is obligated to continue making partial payments until the fee has been paid in full. All outstanding motions are denied.

Entered for the Court

Wade Brorby

Senior Circuit Judge

Click footnote number to return to corresponding location in the text.

*. This order and judgment is not binding precedent, except under the doctrines of law of the case, res judicata, and collateral estoppel. The court generally disfavors the citation of orders and judgments; nevertheless, an order and judgment may be cited under the terms and conditions of 10th Cir. R. 36.3. After examining the briefs and appellate record, this panel has determined unanimously that oral argument would not materially assist the determination of this appeal. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2); 10th Cir. R. 34.1(G). The case is therefore ordered submitted without oral argument.

1. Mr. Armbeck has apparently abandoned his state law claim of assault and battery, and we therefore need not address it. See United States v. Seminole Nation of Okla., 321 F.3d 939, 946 n.5 (10th Cir. 2002) (refusing to address a matter that a party had abandoned on appeal).

Slip Opinions Home
Page | Keyword | Case | Docket | Date: Filed / Added |    Download WordPerfect version (25497 bytes)     Download RTF version (16095 bytes)
Comments to: WebMaster, ca10 [at]
Updated: June 15, 2004.
HTML markup © 2004, Washburn University School of Law.