JULIUS LESLIE STEWART,
Before EBEL, MURPHY, and McCONNELL, Circuit Judges.
out of process issued by a State court," unless the petitioner first obtains a COA). Because Stewart has not "made a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right," id. § 2253(c)(2), this court denies his request for a COA and dismisses this appeal.
After his probation was revoked by a New Mexico state court, Stewart filed the instant § 2254 habeas corpus petition rasing the following three claims: (1) the arrest leading to the probation-revocation proceedings was illegal; (2) the sentence imposed upon revocation of probation included an improper doubling of the habitual offender enhancement from four to eight years; and (3) his sentence upon revocation of probation was miscalculated. The matter was referred to a magistrate judge for initial proceedings pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). In a comprehensive report and recommendation, the magistrate judge concluded that the first two claims set out in Stewart's § 2254 petition were procedurally barred because Stewart had failed to raise them on direct appeal. The magistrate judge further concluded that Stewart's third claim failed on the merits because the sentence imposed by the state court upon revocation of probation was entirely consistent with the sentence contemplated in the plea agreement should Stewart violate the terms of this probation. Upon de novo review, the district court adopted the report and recommendation and dismissed Stewart's § 2254 petition with prejudice.
To be entitled to a COA, Stewart must make "a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right." 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2). To make the requisite showing, he must demonstrate "that reasonable jurists could debate whether (or, for that matter, agree that) the petition should have been resolved in a different manner or that the issues presented were adequate to deserve encouragement to proceed further." Miller-El v. Cockrell, 537 U.S. 322, 336 (2003) (quotations omitted). In evaluating whether Stewart has satisfied his burden, this court undertakes "a preliminary, though not definitive, consideration of the [legal] framework" applicable to each of his claims. Id. at 338. Although Stewart need not demonstrate his appeal will succeed to be entitled to a COA, he must "prove something more than the absence of frivolity or the existence of mere good faith." Id.
Having undertaken a review of Stewart's application for a COA and appellate filings, the magistrate judge's report and recommendation, the district court's order, and the entire record before this court pursuant to the framework set out by the Supreme Court in Miller-El, this court concludes that Stewart is not entitled to a COA. The district court's resolution of Stewart's § 2254 petition is not reasonably subject to debate and the issues he seeks to raise on appeal are not
adequate to deserve further proceedings. Accordingly, this court DENIES Stewart's request for a COA and DISMISSES this appeal.
Entered for the Court
PATRICK FISHER, Clerk of Court