|UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
|RONALD D. ALEXANDER,||
Mr. Alexander was convicted of possession with intent to distribute five grams or more of cocaine base in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 841. Applying a two-level enhancement for possession of a dangerous weapon, see U.S.S.G. § 2D1.1(b)(1), and a two-level enhancement for obstructing or impeding the administration of justice, see id. § 3C1.1, the district court sentenced Mr. Alexander to 115 months' imprisonment. We affirmed Mr. Alexander's sentence. See United States v. Alexander, 292 F.3d 1226 (10th Cir. 2002).
After the Supreme Court issued its decision in Blakely v. Washington, 542 U.S. 296 (2004), Mr. Alexander filed a petition for habeas corpus under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 seeking to vacate his sentence. Because Mr. Alexander filed his habeas petition after the effective date of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (AEDPA), his petition is subject to its provisions. See McGregor v. Gibson, 248 F.3d 946, 951 (10th Cir. 2001). The district court held the petition in abeyance pending the resolution of United States v. Booker, 125 S. Ct. 738 (2005), and eventually denied relief. See Order of Jan. 13, 2005, R. Doc. 104, at 3.
To appeal the denial of his § 2255 petition, Mr. Alexander must first obtain a COA, which may issue "only if the applicant has made a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right." 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2). An applicant meets this standard by establishing that "reasonable jurists could debate whether (or, for that matter, agree that) the petition should have been resolved in a different manner or that the issues presented were adequate to deserve encouragement to proceed further." Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000) (internal citations and quotation marks omitted).
The district court denied Mr. Alexander's application for a COA. See Order of March 9, 2005. On April 27, 2005, Mr. Alexander filed an application for a COA in the Tenth Circuit. He argues that the trial court violated his Sixth Amendment rights under Blakely and Booker by enhancing his sentence based on facts not admitted by him or found by a jury, and he maintains that Blakely and Booker announced a new rule of constitutional law that applies retroactively to cases on collateral review. App. for COA 2. This argument is directly foreclosed by United States v. Bellamy, ___ F.3d ___, 2005 WL 1406176 (10th Cir. Jun. 16, 2005), in which we held that Booker does not apply retroactively to convictions that were final at the time it was decided. See also United States v. Price, 400 F.3d 844, 849 (10th Cir. 2005) (holding that Blakely does not apply retroactively); Leonard v. United States, 383 F.3d 1146, 1148 (10th Cir. 2004) (denying a motion for authorization to file a second or successive habeas petition because the Supreme Court had not held that Blakely applied retroactively to cases on collateral review). The Supreme Court decided Booker on January 12, 2005. Mr. Alexander's conviction and sentence became final in 2002. See United States v. Alexander, 292 F.3d 1226 (10th Cir. 2002). Because his sentence was final long before Booker was decided, Mr. Alexander is not entitled to resentencing, and no reasonable jurist would debate whether his § 2255 petition should have been granted.
The request for a COA is therefore DENIED, and the petition is DISMISSED.
Entered for the Court,
Michael W. McConnell