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Date: Filed /
STATES COURT OF APPEALS
ORDER AND JUDGMENT(*)
Before BRISCOE, LUCERO and MURPHY, Circuit Judges.
Israel Gomez-Astorga pleaded guilty to a single count of possession with
intent to distribute at least 500 grams of a mixture of substance containing
methamphetamine, in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1) and (b)(1)(A). Gomez-Astorga's
sentencing took place after the Supreme Court decided Blakely v.
Washington, 542 U.S. 296 (2004), but before it decided United States v.
543 U.S. 220 (2005). Based on Blakely, Gomez-Astorga filed a motion asserting,
in only the most general fashion, that the United States Sentencing Guidelines
were unconstitutional. He further argued at sentencing that, based on Blakely,
the government could not go forward with its proposed enhancement to Gomez-Astorga's base
offense level based on his role in the offense, but was instead
limited to the admissions set out in the plea agreement. The district court
rejected Gomez-Astorga's assertion that the Guidelines were unconstitutional, but
ultimately based his offense level solely on the amount of drugs Gomez-Astorga
had admitted in his plea agreement. On appeal, Gomez-Astorga presents only the
following narrow issue: basing a sentence on a mandatory Guidelines scheme is
structural error necessitating correction in every case. He recognizes, however,
because he did not raise this issue below, review in this court is limited to plain
error. Fed. R. Crim. P. 52(b). He further recognizes that his claim is foreclosed
by this court's en banc decision in United States v. Gonzalez-Huerta, 403 F.3d
727, 734 (10th Cir. 2005) (en banc) (holding that "non-constitutional Booker
error is not structural error"). He merely seeks to preserve the issue for a petition
writ of certiorari to the Supreme Court. He has done so. The judgment of the
United States District Court for the District of Utah is hereby AFFIRMED.
ENTERED FOR THE COURT
Michael R. Murphy
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*. This order and judgment is not binding
precedent, except under the
doctrines of law of the case, res judicata and collateral estoppel. The court
generally disfavors the citation of orders and judgments; nevertheless, an order
and judgment may be cited under the terms and conditions of 10th Cir. R. 36.3.
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Date: Filed /
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