|LT. FRANK NELSON; GARRY PITTMAN; LT. PERFECTO HIJAR; LT. REYES MARTINEZ; RICHARD MEDINA, CM; DIANA SHAUFLER, CM; WILLIAM SCRUGGS, CM; TOM LOPEZ,|
Defendants appropriately concede that Jones v. Bock, --- U.S. ----, 127 S. Ct. 910, 925-26 (2007), did away with the total exhaustion requirement. See also Freeman v. Watkins, 479 F.3d 1257, 1259 (10th Cir. 2007). Of course, Jones also overruled Steele by concluding that exhaustion is an affirmative defense. Thus, the district erred in adopting these aspects of the magistrate judge's report and recommendation. Accordingly, we REVERSE and REMAND the district court's dismissal of this action for a reexamination consistent with Jones. We note our recent clarification in Roberts v. Barreras, --- F.3d ----, 2007 WL 1113956 (10th Cir. Apr. 16, 2007), of the burden of proof associated with the exhaustion affirmative defense.
Lastly, we GRANT Plaintiff's request for in forma pauperis status for purposes of this appeal.
Entered for the Court
Monroe G. McKay
*. This order and judgment is not binding precedent, except under the doctrines of law of the case, res judicata, and collateral estoppel. It may be cited, however, for its persuasive value consistent with Fed. R. App. P. 32.1 and 10th Cir. R. 32.1.
After examining the briefs and the appellate record, this panel has determined unanimously that oral argument would not materially assist the determination of this appeal. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2); 10th Cir. R. 34.1(G). The case is therefore ordered submitted without oral argument.
1. The magistrate judge also addressed the motion for summary judgment brought by Defendant Nelson, the only defendant against whom Plaintiff adequately exhausted his claim for excessive force. The district court, however, denied as moot Defendant Nelson's motion for summary judgement given its dismissal for lack of total exhaustion in accordance with Ross. Therefore, no aspect of that motion is before this court on appeal.