|JOSE JUAN LOPEZ,
JOHN SAMPSON, Deportation Officer, United States Immigration and Naturalization Service, Denver, Colorado, in his individual capacity,
Plaintiff brought this Bivens action, seeking monetary damages from defendant, an Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) Deportation Officer. Plaintiff was in custody in connection with deportation proceedings, and, after an appearance before an Immigration Judge, bond was set at $2000. Plaintiff alleges that he attempted to post bond with defendant on December 2 and 3, 1996, and that defendant refused to accept the bond posting. Plaintiff complains that defendant's refusal to comply with the Immigration Judge's order and accept his bond on those two days violated plaintiff's due process rights. Defendant filed a motion to dismiss pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6), arguing that his qualified immunity barred plaintiff's claim.
The district court dismissed the complaint, finding that defendant was entitled to qualified immunity because plaintiff had failed to identify violation of a clearly established constitutional right of which a reasonable person should have known. We review the dismissal of plaintiff's complaint de novo, see Sutton v. Utah State Sch. for the Deaf & Blind, 173 F.3d 1226, 1236 (10th Cir. 1999), and we affirm.
"When a defendant pleads qualified immunity, the plaintiff must show that: (1) the defendant's actions violated a federal constitutional or statutory right, and (2) the right violated was clearly established at the time of the conduct at issue." Jantzen v. Hawkins, 188 F.3d 1247, 1258 (10th Cir. 1999) (quotation omitted). We agree with the district court that plaintiff has not shown the violation of a constitutional or statutory right. Plaintiff's complaint centers around the fact that defendant did not immediately accept his posting of the bond ordered by the Immigration Judge. He maintains that his due process rights were violated because defendant did not comply with Immigration statutes and regulations. Plaintiff has offered no authority, and we have found none, establishing either a constitutional or statutory right to have his bond immediately accepted. The statutory and regulatory sections plaintiff cites refer to the Immigration Judge's authority to set bond and do not speak to, let alone establish a right to, the manner or timing of acceptance of the bond.
The district court was correct in finding that defendant is entitled to qualified immunity on plaintiff's claims. We AFFIRM the dismissal of plaintiff's complaint.
Entered for the Court
John C. Porfilio
Senior Circuit Judge
*. This order and judgment is not binding precedent, except under the doctrines of law of the case, res judicata, and collateral estoppel. The court generally disfavors the citation of orders and judgments; nevertheless, an order and judgment may be cited under the terms and conditions of 10th Cir. R. 36.3.