|JOE GARCIA MARTINEZ,
JOE WILLIAMS, Warden
JOE WILLIAMS, Warden, Lea County Correctional Facility; GARY JOHNSON, Governor, State of New Mexico; ROBERT PERRY, Secretary of Corrections; NEW MEXICO CORRECTIONS DEPARTMENT, State of New Mexico; WACKENHUT CORRECTIONS CORPORATION, a Florida corporation; LEA COUNTY, NEW MEXICO; ATTORNEY GENERAL FOR THE STATE OF NEW MEXICO,
(D.C. No. CIV-00-0627-LH/DJS)
After examining the briefs and appellate record, this panel has determined unanimously that oral argument would not materially assist the determination of this appeal. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2); 10th Cir. R. 34.1(G). The case is therefore ordered submitted without oral argument.(1)
The facts and issues in this case are identical to those in Rael v. Williams,
F.3d , 2000 WL 1051845 (10th Cir. July 31, 2000). Petitioner is an inmate appearing pro se and in forma pauperis. In his 28 U.S.C. § 2254 petition for habeas corpus relief, he challenged his transfer from a New Mexico state-run prison facility to a private prison facility, and he also challenged the conditions of his confinement. He raised both federal constitutional claims and state claims. He sought an order vacating his conviction and sentence and release from incarceration. Construing the petition as one brought pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241, the district court dismissed the petition without prejudice for failure to exhaust state remedies and subsequently declined to issue a certificate of appealability.
The district court correctly construed this pro se petition as having been filed pursuant to § 2241 rather than § 2254. See McIntosh v. United States Parole Comm'n, 115 F.3d 809, 811 (10th Cir. 1997). A state prisoner may appeal denial of a § 2241 petition only upon issuance of a certificate of appealability. 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(1)(A); Montez v. McKinna, 208 F.3d 862, 867 (10th Cir. 2000). A certificate of appealability shall issue upon a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right. Id. at 869; 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2). Here there is no such showing, and accordingly we deny the application for a certificate of appealability.
Petitioner's claims of improper transfer do not raise a federal constitutional claim. See Montez at 865-66 & n. 4. His claims of improper conditions of confinement do not state a claim under § 2241.(2) And, his claims of violation of state law similarly are not cognizable in a federal habeas action. See 28 U.S.C. § 2241(c)(3); Montez at 865.
We DENY petitioner's application for certificate of appealability and DISMISS this appeal.
ENTERED FOR THE COURT
David M. Ebel
1.This order and judgment is not binding precedent, except under the doctrines of law of the case, res judicata and collateral estoppel. The court generally disfavors the citation of orders and judgments; nevertheless, an order and judgment may be cited under the terms and conditions of 10th Cir. R. 36.3.
2.Claims challenging the conditions of confinement are more properly brought under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, which is not a claim petitioner has asserted in this action.