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No. 00-5155
N.D. Okla.


(D.C. No. 96-CV-1141-K)


Before BALDOCK, HENRY, and LUCERO, Circuit Judges.(2)

Douglas Shaffer, a state prisoner proceeding pro se, seeks a certificate of appealability ("COA") after the district court dismissed his 28 U.S.C. § 2254 habeas petition. See 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(1)(A) (providing that a COA is a necessary predicate to any appeal from a final order in a § 2254 proceeding). Because Mr. Shaffer has not "made a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right," id. § 2253(c)(2), this court denies his request for a COA and dismisses this appeal.

Mr. Shaffer was convicted of second-degree felony murder after prior conviction of two or more felonies. He was sentenced to sixty years' imprisonment. In his habeas petition, together with his amended petitions, Mr. Shaffer raised eleven grounds of error: (1) ineffective assistance of trial counsel; (2) violation of the Sixth Amendment's confrontation clause through the admission of a nontestifying codefendant's confession; (3) reversible error resulting from the prosecutor's comments regarding Mr. Shaffer's Fifth Amendment right to remain silent; (4) denial of due process through the prosecutor's improper closing argument; (5) ineffective assistance of appellate counsel; (6) violation of the Fifth Amendment through the trial court's instructions; (7) failure of the information to state all the essential elements of the underlying crime; (8) erroneous sentence enhancement; (9) the state court's lack of subject matter jurisdiction; (10) actual innocence of past convictions considered at sentencing; and (11) violation of due process through extension of leniency to Mr. Shaffer's codefendant in exchange for her testimony against him. The district court denied the first four claims on the merits; dismissed claims five, six, eight, ten, and eleven as procedurally barred absent prejudice or fundamental miscarriage of justice; and denied claims seven and nine as not cognizable in federal habeas. This appeal followed.

We construe Mr. Shaffer's allegations liberally, pursuant to Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520-21 (1972). After a careful review of the record and the applicable case law, we conclude that Mr. Shaffer fails to make a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right as required under 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2) for a COA. Specifically, Mr. Shaffer fails to demonstrate "reasonable jurists would find the district court's assessment of the constitutional claims debatable or wrong." Slack v. McDaniel, 120 S. Ct. 1595, 1604 (2000). Because we agree with the district court's well-reasoned assessment of the issues presented on appeal, we decline to duplicate the same analysis here.

Accordingly, for substantially the same reasons set forth in the district court's June 21, 2000, Order, a copy of which is attached, we DENY Mr. Shaffer's motion for a COA and DISMISS his appeal.

Entered for the Court,

Robert H. Henry

Circuit Judge

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*. This order and judgment is not binding precedent, except under the doctrines of law of the case, res judicata, and collateral estoppel. The court generally disfavors the citation of orders and judgments; nevertheless, an order and judgment may be cited under the terms and conditions of 10th Cir. R. 36.3.

2. After examining the briefs and appellate record, this panel has determined unanimously that oral argument would not materially assist the determination of this appeal. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2); 10th Cir. R. 34.1(G). The case is therefore ordered submitted without oral argument.

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