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Date: Filed /
STATES COURT OF APPEALS
ORDER AND JUDGMENT(*)
Before KELLY, BRISCOE, and LUCERO, Circuit Judges.(2)
On November 1, 2000, the Sentencing Commission adopted Amendment
591 to the Sentencing Guidelines, which in pertinent part amends certain
guidelines to provide "that the sentencing court must apply the offense guideline
referenced in the Statutory Index for the statute of conviction." United States
Sentencing Comm'n, Guidelines Manual Supplement to Appendix C at 31
(2002); U.S.S.G. § 1B1.10(c) (Amendment 591 may be applied retroactively).
Mr. Galloway then moved to modify his sentence under 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2).
He claimed that although his offense of conviction was kidnapping (U.S.S.G.
§ 2A4.1), he was actually sentenced under the guideline applicable to sexual
abuse (U.S.S.G. § 2A3.1), resulting in a higher offense level. The district court
denied the motion on the merits, concluding that Amendment 591 could not be
retroactively applied to Mr. Galloway's sentence because it did not apply. R.
Docs. 6, 11. We conclude that we have jurisdiction over the district court's
August 28, 2001 order, R. Doc. 11, and we review its determination de novo.
See United States v. Smartt, 129 F.3d 539, 540 (10th Cir. 1997).
We agree with the district court. Appendix A plainly references U.S.S.G.
§ 2A4.1 for a kidnapping offense under 18 U.S.C. § 1201(a). As we
United States v. Galloway, 963 F.2d 1388, 1391 (10th Cir. 1992), § 2A4.1
required that where another offense had been committed, the guideline for that
other offense should be applied if it resulted in a higher offense level. That is
what occurred herethe district court applied U.S.S.G. § 2A3.1 for sexual
but only after being directed by § 2A4.1 to do so. Amendment 591 did not
eliminate the court's responsibility to apply appropriate cross-references. See
U.S.S.G. § 1B1.1(b). This is not a situation where the district court exercised
discretion in selecting the appropriate guideline from Appendix A, an approach
somewhat restricted by Amendment 591.
AFFIRMED. We grant Mr. Galloway's motion to proceed IFP.
Entered for the Court
Paul J. Kelly, Jr.
Click footnote number to return to corresponding location in the text.
*. This order and judgment is not binding
precedent, except under the
doctrines of law of the case, res judicata, and collateral estoppel. This court
generally disfavors the citation of orders and judgments; nevertheless, an order
and judgment may be cited under the terms and conditions of 10th Cir. R. 36.3.
2. After examining the briefs and the appellate
record, this three-judge
panel has determined unanimously that oral argument would not be of material
assistance in the determination of this appeal. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a); 10th
Cir. R. 34.1(G). The case is therefore ordered submitted without oral argument.
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