|UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,|
|RAMON GRIJALVA VALDEZ, also known as Ramon Gridalva, also known as Ramon Perez, also known as Ramon Gridalva Valdez,|
Defendant pleaded guilty to distribution of a controlled substance in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1). He was sentenced to 63 months in prison, followed by 48 months of supervised release. In calculating the applicable sentencing range, the district court assessed three criminal-history points because of a 1996 Utah state-court conviction for driving under the influence. Of those three points, one was assessed for the conviction itself and two points were assessed because Defendant was still on probation at the time of his federal drug-distribution offense. These were Defendant's only criminal-history points.
Defendant asserts that when he pleaded guilty in Utah state court, he did not speak English and no court-approved interpreter was provided for him. He was sentenced to 60 days in jail; but his sentence was suspended and he was placed on probation for one year.
A defendant in a federal sentencing proceeding has no constitutional right to challenge the validity of a previous state conviction used to enhance his sentence, except on the ground that the state conviction was "obtained in violation of the right to counsel." Custis v. United States, 511 U.S. 485, 487 (1994). See United States v. Garcia, 42 F.3d 573, 578-81 (10th Cir. 1994). Additionally, Defendant points to no statute, rule, or regulation authorizing him to challenge the validity of his prior conviction. Because Defendant challenges his state conviction on a ground other than denial of the right to counsel, we reject the challenge.
We AFFIRM the judgment below.
ENTERED FOR THE COURT
Harris L Hartz
*.After examining the briefs and appellate record, this panel has determined unanimously that oral argument would not materially assist the determination of this appeal. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2); 10th Cir. R. 34.1(G). The case is therefore ordered submitted without oral argument. This order and judgment is not binding precedent, except under the doctrines of law of the case, res judicata, and collateral estoppel. The court generally disfavors the citation of orders and judgments; nevertheless, an order and judgment may be cited under the terms and conditions of 10th Cir. R. 36.3.