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Petitioner - Appellant,


LOUIS BRUCE, Warden; PHILL KLINE, Attorney General of the State of Kansas,

Respondents - Appellees.

No. 04-3414

(D. Kansas)

(D.Ct. No. 04-CV-3300-SAC)



Before KELLY, O'BRIEN, and TYMKOVICH, Circuit Judges.

After examining the briefs and appellate record, this panel has determined unanimously that oral argument would not materially assist the determination of this appeal. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2); 10th Cir. R. 34.1(G). The case is therefore ordered submitted without oral argument.

Petitioner-Appellant Gregory Lynn Gales, a state prisoner appearing pro se,(*) seeks a certificate of appealability ("COA") allowing him to appeal the district court's order denying his petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. Because we conclude Gales has not exhausted his state court remedies, we deny a COA and dismiss the appeal. See 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b)(1); O'Sullivan v. Boerckel, 526 U.S. 838, 844-45 (1999).

The parties are familiar with the facts and we need not restate them here. On appeal, Gales reasserts the claims he presented below, specifically that his Fourteenth Amendment Due Process rights were violated in his state court criminal proceedings as they pertained to his right to a speedy trial, the admissibility of evidence, the lack of a probable cause hearing and the use of a defective complaint and affidavits. Gales acknowledged to the district court that the issues raised in his habeas petition were not raised in his direct appeal, nor did he pursue any state post-conviction relief under Kan. Stat. Ann. § 60-1507. The district court dismissed Gales' habeas petition without prejudice for failure to exhaust his state court remedies.

After careful consideration of the materials submitted by Gales against a backdrop of the state court record, the district court's conclusions are not reasonably debatable. See Miller-El v. Cockrell, 537 U.S. 322, 327 (2003). In this appeal, Gales does not allege that he has exhausted his state court remedies, but rather argues the district court erred because it "has no jurisdiction to judge what arises out of [the] direct appeal process." (R., Application for COA at 3.) Gales misapprehends 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b)(1).

For substantially the same reasons set forth by the district court, we DENY Gales' request for a COA and DISMISS the appeal.

Entered by the Court:

Terrence L. O'Brien

United States Circuit Judge

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*. We construe pro se pleadings liberally. Ledbetter v. City of Topeka, Kan., 318 F.3d 1183, 1187 (10th Cir. 2003).

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