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Plaintiff - Appellee,

No. 05-3109
D. Kansas

Defendant - Appellant.

(D.C. No. 03-10187-01 JTM)


Before TACHA, Chief Circuit Judge, ANDERSON and HARTZ, Circuit Judges.

On April 13, 2004, David Wiens pleaded guilty to a charge of conspiracy to manufacture the controlled substances psilocin and psilocybin. See 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1). The presentence report (PSR) computed a guidelines sentencing range of 41-51 months. On July 15, 2004, Mr. Wiens filed objections to the PSR, arguing that under Blakely v. Washington, 542 U.S. 296 (2004), his sentence could not be enhanced using facts (the quantity of drugs and his position in the criminal hierarchy) not charged in the indictment or admitted when he entered his plea. Without those facts, the resulting guidelines range was zero to six months.

Before Mr. Wiens was sentenced, however, United States v. Booker, 125 S. Ct. 738 (2005), was decided. Relying on due process and ex post facto doctrine, Mr. Wiens then filed a memorandum contending that because his crime occurred before Booker was decided, he could not be sentenced to more than the guidelines range based on admitted facts. The district court rejected the argument, considered the guidelines and the factors set forth in 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a), and sentenced Mr. Wiens to 24 months' imprisonment.

On appeal Mr. Wiens again argues that the retroactive application of the remedial portion of Booker to his sentencing violated the Due Process Clause. See Marks v. United States, 430 U.S. 188, 191-92 (1977) (Due Process Clause protects against judicial infringement of the interests served by Ex Post Facto Clause). His argument is answered by this court's recent decision in United States v. Rines, 419 F.3d 1104 (10th Cir. 2005), in which we rejected the same argument. Noting that the Booker remedial majority explicitly instructed that its holding be applied to "'all cases on direct review[,]' [w]e decline[d] Defendant's invitation to hold that the Supreme Court ordered us to violate the Constitution." Id. at 1106 (quoting Booker, 125 S. Ct. at 769). We also noted that "Defendant was not deprived of constitutionally required notice" because "[t]he only difference between the Booker regime under which his sentence is determined and the regime he would have anticipated at the time of his offense is that the guidelines are not mandatory." Id. at 1107. Because the defendant "was sentenced within the guidelines range, . . . he cannot complain of any unanticipated harshness." Id. Mr. Wiens has actually been the beneficiary of unanticipated leniency. At the time his crime was committed, neither Blakely nor Booker had been decided, and, as set forth in the PSR, the guidelines called for a sentencing range of 41-51 months, about twice his actual sentence.

We AFFIRM the judgment below.


Harris L Hartz

Circuit Judge

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*.After examining the briefs and appellate record, this panel has determined unanimously that oral argument would not materially assist the determination of this appeal. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2); 10th Cir. R. 34.1(G). The case is therefore ordered submitted without oral argument. This order and judgment is not binding precedent, except under the doctrines of law of the case, res judicata, and collateral estoppel. The court generally disfavors the citation of orders and judgments; nevertheless, an order and judgment may be cited under the terms and conditions of 10th Cir. R. 36.3.

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